Unless the UK and EU ratify a new trade agreement ahead of this date the default position is that the UK will leave the EU without a trade deal on WTO rules (World Trade Organisation) – a “hard Brexit” scenario.
On the 5th June, EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier stated that both sides would need to reach an agreement by the end of October to allow enough time for the trade deal to be ratified before the end of the transition period in December.
July 1st is the legal deadline for signing off an extension to the post-Brexit transition period. Under the terms of the withdrawal agreement, the transition period is allowed to be extended by 12 or 24 months.
The UK government formally notifies the EU that it will not be requesting an extension to the transition period beyond the 31st December 2020 deadline.
The UK government has published its negotiating objectives for post-Brexit trade talks with formal negotiations set to begin on the 2nd March.
The EU has agreed its negotiating mandate for the next stage of the Brexit negotiations. The document is 46 pages long and sets out their main objectives for the next stage of the talks which covers the future trading relationship.
The UK formally exited the European Union and has entered the Transition Period which lasts until the 31st December 2020. The current rules on trade, travel, and business for the UK and EU will continue to apply during the transition period, with new rules set to take effect from 1st January 2021.
The EU parliament ratified the Withdrawal Agreement by 621 votes in favour to 49 against paving the way for the UK to leave the European Union at 11pm (UK time) on the 31st January
The Withdrawal Agreement Bill is passed by the UK parliament and receives royal assent, allowing the UK government to formally ratify the Withdrawal Agreement.
Parliament has passed the Letwin amendment which withholds support for the prime minister’s Brexit deal until the legislation to implement the deal (Withdrawal Agreement Bill) has been passed. As the prime minister was unable to pass a Brexit deal through parliament by the midnight deadline on the 19th October, UK law required him to send a letter to the EU requesting a three-month extension to Article 50. The prime minister has requested an extension which the EU has now granted. The UK is now scheduled to leave the EU on the 31st January (or earlier if it agrees to the Prime Minister’s withdrawal deal).
This was the last major EU summit scheduled ahead of the Brexit deadline on October 31st. At the meeting, the European Council endorsed the new Withdrawal Agreement which had been renegotiated between the EU and the UK. The prime minister will now return to Westminster to try and secure parliament’s support for his Brexit deal through a meaningful vote.
A law requiring the Prime Minister to request an extension to Brexit negotiations received Royal Assent. The law states that if a Brexit deal has not been agreed by the 19th October the Prime Minister will have to request an extension to negotiations to the 31st January (it will then be up to the EU on whether they accept, decline or propose a different date). As it stands, the UK is still scheduled to leave the EU at 11pm on the 31st October.
Boris Johnson confirmed as the winner of the Conservative Party Leadership contest and the next UK Prime Minister. This date also marked 100 days to go before the current Brexit deadline: 31st October.
EU and UK leaders agree to a “flexible extension” to negotiations. The UK is now scheduled to leave the EU on the 31st October (or earlier if it agrees to the Prime Minister’s withdrawal deal) if it takes part in European Parliament elections in May. If the UK does not take part in EU Parliament Elections it will leave the EU on the 1st June.
The Prime Minister announced a change of Brexit strategy, inviting the Labour Party in for cross-party talks on compromise Brexit strategy. If a new proposal can be agreed, it will be put to a vote next week ahead of the EU Leaders’ emergency summit. On Friday (5th April) the Prime Minister formally requested that the EU extend Article 50 negotiations to the 30th June 2019.
MPs failed to find a majority for any alternative plans for Brexit. The two most popular options were a “customs union” style proposal (defeated by 3 votes) and a “public vote” or second referendum proposal (defeated by 12 votes).
Image source - BBC
The Prime Minister Deal was rejected by MPs by 334 votes to 286.
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MPs voted on a range of alternative Brexit options. None were backed by a majority. The two options that received the most support were exploring a “Customs Union” with the EU (defeated by 8 votes) and a “confirmatory referendum” or “people’s vote” on the final deal (defeated by 27 votes).
Source - Sky News - link
The Prime Minister is expected to bring the EU’s extension proposal to Parliament w/c 25th March. It will need to be passed by the House of Commons and the House of Lords before next Friday in order to change the Brexit date currently set in legislation: 11pm on the 29th March
Source - Sky News - link
The leaders and heads of state of the EU 27 offered the UK an extension to Article 50 negotiations. If the UK agrees to the Withdrawal Deal by the 12th April they will extend negotiations to the 22nd May in order for the UK to pass the necessary legislation. If the UK fails to agree to the Deal by the 12th April they will have to agree next steps with the EU. The two main options are: 1) a significantly longer extension to pursue a new Brexit strategy, involving taking part in European Elections 2) a no-deal Brexit.
Source - BBC News - link
MPs voted in favour of requesting an extension to Article 50 negotiations (delaying Brexit day).
Parliament voted in favour of an amended motion which aimed to rule out leaving the EU without a deal under any circumstances. The result of this vote is not legally binding. The Prime Minister also announced that MPs will be voting on whether or not to accept her deal for a third time in the week of the 18th March.
Parliament held a second “meaningful vote” on whether to accept the Prime Minister’s Withdrawal Deal & Political Declaration. It was rejected by 391 votes to 242.
The UK Parliament held a “meaningful vote” on whether they accept the Withdrawal Deal. It was rejected by a record margin: 202 votes for & 432 votes against.
Prime Minister Theresa May revealed the draft Withdrawal Agreement & Political Declaration on the future relationship between the UK and EU to her Cabinet.
The UK activated Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty giving the UK two years to negotiate the terms of its exit from the EU.
Source - BBC - link
The UK voted to leave the EU in a referendum. 72.2% of eligible voters took part. 51.9% voted Leave, 48.1% voted Remain.
Source - BBC - link